Java(J2SE)使用API读取Properties配置文件的六种方法

Java(J2SE)使用API读取Properties配置文件的六种方法

1。使用java.util.Properties类的load()方法
示例:
InputStream in = lnew BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(name)); Properties p = new Properties(); p.load(in);
2。使用java.util.ResourceBundle类的getBundle()方法
示例:
ResourceBundle rb = ResourceBundle.getBundle(name, Locale.getDefault());
3。使用java.util.PropertyResourceBundle类的构造函数
示例:
InputStream in = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(name)); ResourceBundle rb = new PropertyResourceBundle(in);
4。使用class变量的getResourceAsStream()方法
示例:
InputStream in = JProperties.class.getResourceAsStream(name); Properties p = new Properties(); p.load(in);
5。使用class.getClassLoader()所得到的java.lang.ClassLoader的getResourceAsStream()方法
示例:
InputStream in = JProperties.class.getClassLoader().getResourceAsStream(name); Properties p = new Properties(); p.load(in);
6。使用java.lang.ClassLoader类的getSystemResourceAsStream()静态方法
示例:
InputStream in = ClassLoader.getSystemResourceAsStream(name); Properties p = new Properties(); p.load(in);
补充

Servlet中可以使用javax.servlet.ServletContext的getResourceAsStream()方法
示例:
InputStream in = context.getResourceAsStream(path); Properties p = new Properties(); p.load(in);
完整的示例,可以参考附件文件
如何上传文件,谁知道请告诉以下。 只好把source都贴上来了
JProperties.java文件

/** ** This program is free software. ** ** You may redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU ** General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation. ** Version 2 of the license should be included with this distribution in ** the file LICENSE, as well as License.html. If the license is not ** included with this distribution, you may find a copy at the FSF web ** site at 'www.gnu.org' or 'www.fsf.org', or you may write to the ** Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA. ** ** THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED AS-IS WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, ** NOT EVEN THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY. THE AUTHOR ** OF THIS SOFTWARE, ASSUMES _NO_ RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY ** CONSEQUENCE RESULTING FROM THE USE, MODIFICATION, OR ** REDISTRIBUTION OF THIS SOFTWARE. **/

package com.kindani;

//import javax.servlet.ServletContext;
import java.util.*;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;

/**
* 使用J2SE API?取Properties文件的六?方法
* User: SYNFORM
* Date: 2005/07/12
* Time: 18:40:55
* To change this template use File | Settings | File Templates.
*/
public class JProperties {

public final static int BY_PROPERTIES = 1;
public final static int BY_RESOURCEBUNDLE = 2;
public final static int BY_PROPERTYRESOURCEBUNDLE = 3;
public final static int BY_CLASS = 4;
public final static int BY_CLASSLOADER = 5;
public final static int BY_SYSTEM_CLASSLOADER = 6;

public final static Properties loadProperties(final String name, final int type) throws IOException {
Properties p = new Properties();
InputStream in = null;
if (type == BY_PROPERTIES) {
in = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(name));
assert (in != null);
p.load(in);
} else if (type == BY_RESOURCEBUNDLE) {
ResourceBundle rb = ResourceBundle.getBundle(name, Locale.getDefault());
assert (rb != null);
p = new ResourceBundleAdapter(rb);
} else if (type == BY_PROPERTYRESOURCEBUNDLE) {
in = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(name));
assert (in != null);
ResourceBundle rb = new PropertyResourceBundle(in);
p = new ResourceBundleAdapter(rb);
} else if (type == BY_CLASS) {
assert (JProperties.class.equals(new JProperties().getClass()));
in = JProperties.class.getResourceAsStream(name);
assert (in != null);
p.load(in);
// return new JProperties().getClass().getResourceAsStream(name);
} else if (type == BY_CLASSLOADER) {
assert (JProperties.class.getClassLoader().equals(new JProperties().getClass().getClassLoader()));
in = JProperties.class.getClassLoader().getResourceAsStream(name);
assert (in != null);
p.load(in);
// return new JProperties().getClass().getClassLoader().getResourceAsStream(name);
} else if (type == BY_SYSTEM_CLASSLOADER) {
in = ClassLoader.getSystemResourceAsStream(name);
assert (in != null);
p.load(in);
}

if (in != null) {
in.close();
}
return p;

}

// ---------------------------------------------- servlet used
/*
public static Properties loadProperties(ServletContext context, String path) throws IOException {
assert (context != null);
InputStream in = context.getResourceAsStream(path);
assert (in != null);
Properties p = new Properties();
p.load(in);
in.close();
return p;
}
*/gigi_miao

// ---------------------------------------------- support class/**
* ResourceBundle Adapter class.
*/
public static class ResourceBundleAdapter extends Properties {
public ResourceBundleAdapter(ResourceBundle rb) {
assert (rb instanceof java.util.PropertyResourceBundle);
this.rb = rb;
java.util.Enumeration e = rb.getKeys();
while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
Object o = e.nextElement();
this.put(o, rb.getObject((String) o));
}
}

private ResourceBundle rb = null;

public ResourceBundle getBundle(String baseName) {
return ResourceBundle.getBundle(baseName);
}

public ResourceBundle getBundle(String baseName, Locale locale) {
return ResourceBundle.getBundle(baseName, locale);
}

public ResourceBundle getBundle(String baseName, Locale locale, ClassLoader loader) {
return ResourceBundle.getBundle(baseName, locale, loader);
}

public Enumeration getKeys() {
return rb.getKeys();
}

public Locale getLocale() {
return rb.getLocale();
}

public Object getObject(String key) {
return rb.getObject(key);
}

public String getString(String key) {
return rb.getString(key);
}

public String[] getStringArray(String key) {
return rb.getStringArray(key);
}

protected Object handleGetObject(String key) {
return ((PropertyResourceBundle) rb).handleGetObject(key);
}

}

}

JPropertiesTest.java文件

/**
** This program is free software.
**
** You may redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
** General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
** Version 2 of the license should be included with this distribution in
** the file LICENSE, as well as License.html. If the license is not
** included with this distribution, you may find a copy at the FSF web
** site at 'www.gnu.org' or 'www.fsf.org', or you may write to the
** Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.
**
** THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED AS-IS WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
** NOT EVEN THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY. THE AUTHOR
** OF THIS SOFTWARE, ASSUMES _NO_ RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY
** CONSEQUENCE RESULTING FROM THE USE, MODIFICATION, OR
** REDISTRIBUTION OF THIS SOFTWARE.
**/
package com.kindani.test;

import junit.framework.*;
import com.kindani.JProperties;

//import javax.servlet.ServletContext;
import java.util.Properties;

public class JPropertiesTest extends TestCase {
JProperties jProperties;
String key = "helloworld.title";
String value = "Hello World!";

public void testLoadProperties() throws Exception {
String name = null;
Properties p = new Properties();

name = "C:\\IDEAP\\Properties4Methods\\src\\com\\kindani\\test\\LocalStrings.properties";
p = JProperties.loadProperties(name, JProperties.BY_PROPERTIES);
assertEquals(value, p.getProperty(key));

name = "com.kindani.test.LocalStrings";
p = JProperties.loadProperties(name,JProperties.BY_RESOURCEBUNDLE);
assertEquals(value, p.getProperty(key));
assertEquals(value,((JProperties.ResourceBundleAdapter)p).getString(key));

name = "C:\\IDEAP\\Properties4Methods\\src\\com\\kindani\\test\\LocalStrings.properties";
p = JProperties.loadProperties(name, JProperties.BY_PROPERTYRESOURCEBUNDLE);
assertEquals(value, p.getProperty(key));
assertEquals(value,((JProperties.ResourceBundleAdapter)p).getString(key));

name = "\\com\\kindani\\test\\LocalStrings.properties";
p = JProperties.loadProperties(name, JProperties.BY_SYSTEM_CLASSLOADER);
assertEquals(value, p.getProperty(key));

name = "\\com\\kindani\\test\\LocalStrings.properties";
p = JProperties.loadProperties(name, JProperties.BY_CLASSLOADER);
assertEquals(value, p.getProperty(key));

name = "test\\LocalStrings.properties";
p = JProperties.loadProperties(name, JProperties.BY_CLASS);
assertEquals(value, p.getProperty(key));
}

/*
public void testLoadProperties2() throws Exception {
ServletContext context = null;
String path = null;
Properties p = null;
path = "/WEB-INF/classes/LocalStrings.properties";
p = JProperties.loadProperties(context, path);
assertEquals(value, p.getProperty(key));
}
*/
}

properties文件与JPropertiesTest.java文件相同的目录下
LocalStrings.properties文件
# $Id: LocalStrings.properties,v 1.1 2000/08/17 00:57:52 horwat Exp $

# Default localized resources for example servlets
# This locale is en_US

helloworld.title=Hello World!

requestinfo.title=Request Information Example
requestinfo.label.method=Method:
requestinfo.label.requesturi=Request URI:
requestinfo.label.protocol=Protocol:
requestinfo.label.pathinfo=Path Info:
requestinfo.label.remoteaddr=Remote Address:

requestheader.title=Request Header Example

requestparams.title=Request Parameters Example
requestparams.params-in-req=Parameters in this request:
requestparams.no-params=No Parameters, Please enter some
requestparams.firstname=First Name:
requestparams.lastname=Last Name:

cookies.title=Cookies Example
cookies.cookies=Your browser is sending the following cookies:
cookies.no-cookies=Your browser isn't sending any cookies
cookies.make-cookie=Create a cookie to send to your browser
cookies.name=Name:
cookies.value=Value:
cookies.set=You just sent the following cookie to your browser:

sessions.title=Sessions Example
sessions.id=Session ID:
sessions.created=Created:
sessions.lastaccessed=Last Accessed:
sessions.data=The following data is in your session:
sessions.adddata=Add data to your session
sessions.dataname=Name of Session Attribute:
sessions.datavalue=Value of Session Attribute:

gigi_miao

转自:http://tech.163.com/06/0407/09/2E3J5B150009159T_2.html

标签: JAVA, J2SE, API, Properties配置文件, 使用方法

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